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Feb 18

What is the Basics for Sewing a Garment

Most of the time people will think that it’s real easy to sew a garment together but if you have experience in needlework and sewing you will know there are a lot more to it than just getting the fabric and start sewing.

Today i just want to cover the basics of sewing a garment.

1. Pattern:

The first step would be to get the correct pattern and know your size. Now you can either buy a pattern already made or make your own pattern. I would suggest that if you don’t really have a lot of pattern making experience start by buying a basic pattern. You can always alter the pattern if you feel that you want some extras.

2. Fabric and trimmings:

When buy a pattern most of these will have suggested fabrics and trimmings for you. Its quite important to follow these suggestions, if you decide on a total different fabric you must take into account if its really going to work with your pattern and style that you have chosen. There are a big variation of fabrics they all react differently. Some fabric examples are cotton, Lycra, spandex etc. You also get a lot of cotton blends. Trims are like your buttons, zips, hook and eye. Also check what fusing needs to be used.

Sewing Pattern

Pattern information

Now that we have all that we need to start we’ll follow the steps.These are my basic steps so I’m sure some of you will do certain steps differently but it all comes to the same result.

Cut out your pattern on the correct size line.
Make sure you have all the correct parts that will need to be cutout of your fabric, fusing, pocketing etc.
I normally start laying up my patterns on my main fabric and cut them out and then the fusing, pocketing etc. Depending on your garment.

Lay up pattern

Lay up patterns on fabric

When laying up your patterns onto your fabric make sure you are laying the patterns in the right direction, follow the grain line.
Mark all the notches, drill holes, darts etc on you fabric, i use a fabric marker that you can was the marks out after the garment is finished.

Markings

Mark Notches

Now i will fuse all my patterns that needs to be fused.
When you have patterns with dart or pleats, i normally finish them first before i actually start with the garment.
Now when you start sewing make sure that you are sewing on the seam line and your stitch length are correct.
Just check when sewing collars, jackets etc there are certain areas that you’ll have to trip because of the extra bulk it creates.
If you finished sewing 2 panels together at the same time finish off the raw edges.
The very last step when sewing a garment is the hem and any decorative stitches. I always fit my garment and put on the shoes that I’m most likely going to wear on to get the hem length. Garments that’s too short or long doesn’t look neatly made and believe me you can see the difference.
When finished, please check that you don’t have any loose threads.
I normally rinse my garment once before wearing it and then it get a good ironing. Check your type of fabric, if you iron is to warm you can burn the fabric. Some fabrics is best to iron on the wrong side then on the right side.

One thing about sewing for me its that i need to relax and be patience. A lot of times in the beginning you make mistakes or sew skew etc and all the unpicking can make you feel that you want to give up but just be patience. Don’t get me wrong it doesn’t mean you are going to make a lot of mistake, all I’m saying is to keep trying.

These are the basics for sewing a garment or anything else that you want to sew. Follow these basic steps and you should be fine. Make use of your booklet as well when sewing, normally get that with your pattern

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